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Lo más evidente acerca de este rasgo es que no puede funcionar
independientemente del resto de los rasgos. Incluso, Brooks
(1969) asocia
condicionalmente la adquisición de otros sistemas con la del sistema fonológico, y piensa
que el sujeto no es capaz de aumentar su vocabulario hasta que controla todos los
aspectos del sistema fonológico.
2.8.2.
La escritura.
Bloomfield
(1950:21) intenta separar, vigorosamente, el sistema de la escritura de
la lengua, e insiste en que la escritura no es una lengua sino un medio para registrar la
lengua a través de signos visibles:
Writing is not language, but
merely a way of recording language by means of
visible marks. In some countries, such as China, Egypt, and Mesopotamia,
writing was practiced thousands of years ago, but to most of the languages that
are spoken today it has been applied either in relatively recent times or not at all.
Moreover, until the days of printing, literacy was confined to a very few people.
All languages were spoken through nearly all of their history by people who did
not read or write; the languages of such peoples are just as stable, regular, and
rich as the languages of literate nations. A language is the same no matter what
system of writing may be used to record it, just as a person is the same no matter
how you take his picture. The Japanese have three systems of writing and are
developing a fourth. When the Turks, in 1928, adopted the Latin alphabet in
place of the Arabic, they went on talking in just the same way as before. In order
to study writing, we must know something about language, but the reverse is not
true. To be sure, we get our information about the speech of past times largely
from written records (...)”
Estos hechos, que nos presenta Bloomfield, no son suficientes para afirmar la
posibilidad de separar la escritura de la lengua. Pues, no es evidente que los seres
humanos hubieran empezado sus primeras manifestaciones comunicativas por medio de
sonidos. La probabilidad de que los primeros rasgos comunicativos humanos tuvieran 
forma gráfica también existe y es incluso más probable; puesto que la comunicación
gráfica (por gestos que se convierten en dibujos representativos) se realiza más
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